The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

Mais informações

Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

Mais informações

Works in English

Documentos 61 a 120 de 161

Foreign savings, insufficiency of demand, and low growth

2008. With Paulo Gala. An overvalued currency is a central cause of insufficiency of demand. The growth with foreign savings policy appreciates local currencies, increases domestic consumption, and causes domestic saving to be replaced by foreign savings. (Paper Journal of Post Keynesian Economics).

The structural public governance model

2007. This paper summarizes my model of public management reform, and shows that, depending on the form it is applied, it may be progressive instead of neo-liberal. Portuguese version available.(Paper: International Public Management Review). Spanish version(Paper: Revista del CLAD Reforma y Democracia).

Why foreign savings fail to cause growth

2007. With Paulo Gala. A formalization of the critique of the strategy of growth with foreign savings: the consequent exchange rate appreciation increases artificially wages and causes the substitution of domestic with foreign savings. Portuguese and Spanish versions available.(Paper to be published in book)

Substitution of foreign for domestic savings: the Brazilian case

2006. Between 1994 and 1999, foreign savings substitute domestic ones instead of increasing investment (72,5%) The inverse happened when the country experienced current account surplus (113,9%). (Paper, just in this site) Portuguese version available.

Global intellectual property rights: arguments or power?

2006. Survey of Ugo Paganos "Positional goods and asymmetric development". (Note: Econômica).

The substitution of foreign for domestic savings and its inverse: the Brazilian case

2006. The rate of substitution of foreign for domestic savings was high in Brazil in the period 1994-99, as the inverse rate was also high in the 2000-05 period. The critique of growth with foreign savings applied to Brazil. (Unpublished paper)

The new developmentalism and conventional orthodoxy

2006. Paper comparing three growth strategies old or national-developmentalism, new developmentalism, and Washingtons conventional orthodoxy - actually a form of neutralizing the catching up of medium income countries. An improved version available with the title "Macroeconomics of stagnation and new developmentalism".(Paper Economie Appliquée).

Exchange rate: fix, float, or manage it?

2006. The exchange rate determines not only exports and imports, but also real wages, consumption and the savings rate. (Preface to book edited by Mathias Vernengo)

Public governance model for economic and social development

2005. A summing up of my views on public management reform, distinguishing a strucutural and a managerial aspect. (Paper to be published in edited book)

Final report on the IIAS Berlin Conference 2005

2005. Public-private partnerships are becoming increasingly common. (Report as the general reporteur of the IIAS Berlin Conference)

From Eclac and Iseb to dependency theory

2005. A critique of the two dependency theories (associated and super-exploration) which intended to be an alternative to ISEBs and ECLACs view of Latin American development. Only a third version - national-dependent theory - is consistent with the nation building and growth. Portuguese and Spanish versions available.(Paper)

Practical principles for public administration

2005. Note to the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Committee of Experts on Public Administration, of the Economic and Social Council (Ecosoc), of the United Nations. New York, April 6, 2005.

Brazil's quasi-stagnation and the growth cum foreign savings strategy

2004. The critique of the growth cum foreign savings strategy adopted in the Cardoso administration. Foreign finance does not cause growth. Spanish version available. (Paper: International Journal of Political Economy)*

Professionals capitalism and democracy

2004. The rise of the professional middle class, knowledge as the new strategic factor of production, and the implications for democracy. The correspondent concept of capital.Portuguese version available.(Paper in book honoring J. K. Galbraith).

The Second Washington Consensus and Latin Americas Quasi-Stagnation

2004. With Carmen Varela. Latin Americas quasi-stagnation in the 1990s can be explained principally by the growth cum foreign savings strategy. (Paper: Journal of Post Keynesian Economics)

Economic growth with foreign savings?

2002. With Yoshiaki Nakano. Developing countries' poor performance in the 1990s is related to the Washington strategy of growth with foreign savings. Portuguese version available.(Paper presented to International Post Keynesian Workshop).

New developmentalism and conventional orthodoxy

2003. A comparison between two economic approaches: structuralist new developmentalism and conventional orthodoxy. (Participation in the XXIV LASA Congress)

New Left in Brazil (Fabian Review, 02.02.03)

2003 One does not have to be populist, nor statist, nor radical to be Left: it is enough to be committed to the poor and to social justice (Fabian Review, vol. 115 (1), Spring 2003).

The democratic constraint in Public Management Reform

2002. In reforming the state the democtratic constraint has priority over the economic one.Portuguese and Spanish versions available. (Paper)

After balance of powers diplomacy, globalization's politics

2002. After the end of the Cold War balance of powers diplomacy is over. Major nations are now not enemies but competitors in a global system which is being institutionalized. Portuguese version available. (Paper: In Eric Hershberg's edited book)*.

Citizenship and res publica: the emergence of republican rights

2002. After the civil, the political and the social rights, republican rights are emerging or being enforced. The republican rights are the rights that every citizens has that the public patrimony is not captured by private interests. Portuguese version and Spanish version available. (Paper Citizenship Studies) *

After structuralism, a development alternative for Latin America

2001. There are some consensus and some strategic decisions to be taken in Latin America, after the crisis of structuralism, and of orthodox reforms. Portuguese version available. (Paper presented in conference at Oxford University; not published; available only in this site)

Latin America's quasi-stagnation

2001. First economic paper since I left the Cardoso administration in June 1999. Incompetence and subordination to the North characterized Latin American economic policies since the early 1980s'. Portuguese version available with the original title of the paper, "Incompetência e confidence building por trás de 30 anos de quase-estagnação da América Latina". (Paper in book edited by Paul Davidson).

Beyond conflicting powers' politics

2001. This note is a previous version of the paper "After balance of powers diplomacy, globalizations' politics" just published in the SSRC website. (December 2001).

An international policy against hate (Folha, 11.09.01)

2001. After the September 11 terrorist act, United States may react as if the Cold War did not end intead of acting as an arbiter as it should. It will be a major mistake.(In Portuguese, inFolha de S.Paulo, 17.9.01; in English, just here).

A new management for a new state: liberal, social, and republican

2001. The new State will be social, liberal, and democratic the new management more accountable, more political, and republican. Portuguese and French versions available.(Lecture: The 2001 John L. Manion Lecture. Ottawa).

The New Left Viewed from the South

2001. To be left means to be ready to risk social order in behalf of justice. Historically the left moves as the political center cyclically moves from left to right and vice-versa. Portuguese version available. (In Anthony Giddens, ed. The Global Third Way Debate).

New public management reform: now in the Latin American agenda, and yet...

2001. Public management reform is beginning in Latin America. Yet, advancements are unsatisfactory, reflecting the low level of governance or political development of the region (Paper: International Journal of Political Studies).

Method and Passion in Celso Furtado

2001. The method that Celso Furtado utilizes is essentially historical; his passion - a measured passion - is for Brazil. A survey of Furtado's work.Portuguese and Spanish versions available. (Paper to be published in English)

Self-interest and incompetence

2001. Besides self-interests a second variable is turning increasingly relevant: policymakers' technical and emotional incompetence. Portuguese version available. (Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Spring 2001). *

After the elites, civil society's democracy in Brazil

2000. This paper presents a hystorical typology of democracy: elites or Schumpeterian democracy, civil society"s public opinions democracy, participatory democracy, and deliberative democracy. Brazil is in transition from elites democracy to public opinions democracy. Portuguese version available. (Paper: IPSA Congress, Quebec)

Globalization and 'globalism'

2000. Globalization is the present stage of capitalism, globalism, the ideology that assert the loss of relevance of the nation-state. (Intervention in the 15th sesseion of the Group of Experts in Public Administration and Finance. United Nations, New York.

A new left in the South?

2000. The left in Latin America is identified with nationalism the region lacks a modern left. Policy-Network,, December 2000.

Higher civil services ethics

2000. From civil servants as from politicians it is asked that they have republican virtues. And often they do. (Paper in United Nations Report)

In defense of science

1999. The confusion between science and moral. (Speech at the World Conference on Science Budapest, June 1999)

The 1995 Public Management Reform in Brazil: Reflections of a Reformer

1999-The political process behind the constitutional amendment of the 1995 Brazilian Public Management Reform. Portuguese version available. (Paper: In 2003 book edite by Ben Ross Schneider)*.

Reforming the State - Managerial Public Administration in Latin America (coletânea)

1999. Edited book with Peter Spink. Includes the first essays by Bresser-Pereira on the 1995 Public Management Reform. Portuguese version available. (Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1999)

The missing social contract

1998. With Yoshiaki Nakano. It is misleading to attribute economic difficulties to politicians and bureaucrats, since incompetent and self-interest policies decided by economists are also responsible. This is more so when the country misses an effective social contract. Portuguese version available. (Paper in edited book by Ducatenzeiler and Oxhorn)

State reform in the 1990s, logic and control mechanisms

1997. A broad view of the public management reform. The role of the state and new forms of accountability (administration by results, managed competition for excelence, and social accountability) are discussed. Portuguese and Spanish versions available. (Paper in book by Burlamaqui, Castro e Chang).

Managerial public administration strategy and structure for a new State

1997. The new state that is emeging out crisis of the welfare and developmental state will have to be able to protect citizens rights. Managerial public administration plays a major role in this direction. Portuguese version available.(Paper Journal of Post Keynesian Economics)*

Ethics and citizenship: a republican aproach

1996. In late twentieth century we are facing neoliberalism, but, as a trade-off, republican right are been acknowledged and democracy is a source of morality and social justice. (Lecture at UNESCO conference).

Net and total transition costs the timing of economic reform

1997. With Jairo Abud. The difference between the short term costs of adjusting an economy and the costs of procrastinating adjustment and reform are the net transition costs. In the limit, they determine the moment reform begins. (Paper World Development)*

Economic Crisis and State Reform in Brazil

1996. The 'crisis of the state interpretation'. Economic and political analysis of the crisis starting in 1980 in Latin America. Portuguese and French versions available. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

From bureaucratic to managerial public administration

1996. The transition from bureaucratic to public administration in Brazil. It is the first paper where the author presents the state reform model. This model first appeared in his Plano Diretor da Reforma do Aparelho do Estado, September 1995. Portuguese and Spanish versions available.(Paper in Bresser-Pereira and Spink edited book)*

White paper Reform of the State Apparatus

1995. English version of the White Paper defining the principles of the 1995-98 Public Management Reform. (Booklet: MARE)

State, civil society and democratic legitimacy

1995. The concept of state and the main theories. The role of civil society in assuring democratic legitimacy to the state. Portuguese version available. (Paper: published only in Portuguese)

A turning point in the debt crisis: Brazil, the US Treasury, and the World Bank

1995. An account of the 1987 negotiation of the debt crisis. Brazil presented a proposal of debt securitization which represented a turning point in the debt crisis, and was the Brady Plan 18 months later. (Paper: Revista de Economia Política) *

The Irreductibility of Macro to Microeconomics: a Methodological Approach

1996. With Gilberto Tadeu Lima. While microeconomics is logic-deductive, macroeconomics is a historical discipline, requiring an inductive-deductive approach. (Paper: Revista de Economia Política) *

Sustainable Democracy (coletânea)

1995. Book actually written by Adam Przeworski and co-autored by several authors including myself ww contributed with texts freely used by the writer. (Book: Cambridge University Press)

Memorandum on Models of Capitalism and Democracy

1994. What kind of model of capitalism should Latin America adopt? The American model or a combination of the Japanese and the European social-democratic model? (Note: not published)

Conditionality and Transfer Games between The World Bank and LDCs

1993. With Gesner de Oliveira. Given high and low conditionality and positive and negative transfers, 'games' between World Bank and developing countries may be winners'game, conflictive game, permissive game, and potential winners'game. (Paper published only here)

Economic reforms and economic growth: efficiency and politics in Latin America

1992. Stabilization and other market-oriented economic reforms face a double challenge in new democracies: they have to be economically effective and politically feasible. Since 1980 Latin America faced a debt crisis and a crisis of the state. Now, two competing interpretations are present the neo-liberal Washington Consensus and the fiscal crisis of the state approach. The later anticipates the 2003 "new developmentalism". (Paper: Chapter 1 of Economic Reforms in New Democracies).

Incomplete modernization and political pacts in Brazil

1993. Given social heterogeneity and 'contradictory citizenship', there is not a basic social contract in Brazil, nor an informal growth oriented political pact (that may act as a substitute for a social contract). Available in French and Portuguese. (English version published only in this site).

The failure to stabilise

1993. Brazil's failure to achieve price stabilization is essentially a consequence of the incompetence of authorities (and IMF) in acknowledging the inertial character of inflation and the lack of political support for fiscal adjustment. (Lecture in London)

The crisis of the state approach to Latin America

1993. After the dependency interpretation of Latin America, now two competing interpretations are present: the neoliberal Washington Consensus and what I propose: the fiscal crisis of the state approach. Portuguese and French versions available. This paper is a preliminary version of my chapter in Economic Reforms in New Democracies (1993). The "fiscal crisis approach" anticipates the 2003 "new developmentalism". (Paper: Instituto Norte-Sul Discussion Paper)

Economic reforms in new democracies: a social-democratic approach

1993. With José María Maravall and Adam Przeworski. The neoliberal economic reforms enacted by Latin Americas and Eastern Europes new democracies have proven inefficient and at times even ineffective. This derives both from a lack of political support and from the dogmatic orthodoxy adopted. This paper corresponds to the Introduction to the book Economic Reforms in New Democracies, 1993. Portuguese version available. (Paper in book by Bresser-Pereira, Maravall Przeworski).

Economic Reforms in New Democracies

1993. With Adam Przeworski and José María Maravall. A social democratic approach and also a crisis of the state approach to economic reforms in new democracies. Portuguese and Spanish versions available. (Book: Cambridge University Press).

Estabilização em um ambiente adverso: a experiência brasileira de 1987

1993. The Plano Bresser was a 1987 atempt to stabilize prices in Brazil in an adverse environment. English version available. (Paper: Revista de Economia Política).

Stabilization in an adverse environment: The 1987 Brazilian experience

1993. The Bresser Plan - an atempt to stabilize prices in Brazil in an adverse environment. Portuguese version available. (Paper in book edited by John Williamson)

From Mercosul to the American integration

1992. With Vera Thorstensen. Brazil is going through an important moment in its international relations and foreign trade policies. Portuguese version available. (Paper: published in ECLAC/IDB edited book)

Fale conosco: