The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

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Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

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Democracia no Brasil


Documentos 1 a 40 de 40



Depois do ódio

27.12.2017. Why since 2013 we saw political hate in Brazil? I believe that the structural explanation for that. The white Brazilian elites always despised the negro or mestiça lower classes. Suddenly a politician originated from the excluded class, Lula, identified himself self with it, while his political party got involved in corruption. This was sufficient to the insecure middle-class developed hate - a sentment that is incompatible with democracy. (Note in the Facebook)



The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil's society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)



A Construção Política do Brasil

2014. An encompassing analysis of Brazil's society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Editora 34, updated 3rd edition, 2017)



Democracy and growth in pre-industrial countries

2017. Pre-industrial countries are supposed to realize their capitalist revolution in a global political famework that requires that they are democratic. But today's rich and middle income countries made it while their regimes was authoritarian. Publicado como Texto para Discussão



Democracy and growth in pre-industrial countries

2015. Pre-industrial countries are supposed to realize their capitalist revolution in a global political famework that requires that they are democratic. But today's rich and middle income countries made it while their regimes was authoritarian. (Texto para Discussão EESP/FGV n.410, january 2016). Publicado no Brazilian Journal of Political Economy.



Defender Dilma será um dever cívico

2016. Defender Dilma neste momento é dever cívico. O impeachment é uma farsa jurídica que não podemos aceitar. Ele foi um dos escolhidos pela presidente para defendê-la no Senado. (Entrevista por Lúcia Müzell, da Radio France)



O mal-estar entre nós

2014. A sociedade brasileira está dividida politicamente entre ricos e pobres. Falta à nação um projeto -- sobra o ódio, que eu nunca havia visto antes, e grande mal-estar. (Revista Interesse Nacional)



20 anos da Constituição (Folha, 6.10.08)

2008. The 1988 Brazilian Constitution was the outcome of a democratic and popular political pact. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).



Terceiro mandato (Folha, 05.11.07)

2007. It a mistake to believe that Lula is working for a third mandate. He knows that democracy is consolidated in Brazil, and that such constitutional amendment has no chance of being approved. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo,5.11.2007)



Reforma política (Folha, 28.08.06)

2006. Political reform should begin by introducing districtal vote combined with open lists.(Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



Izquierda nacional y empresarios en América Latina

2006. Businessmen may support a moderate left political party if this party is also national commited to national economic development. Portuguese version available.(Paper Nueva Sociedad).



IDH, concentração e desenvolvimento (Folha, 12.09.05)

2005. The Brazilian IDH is improving not because income is increasing but because since the transition to democracy (1985) a major effort is being made in the area of social expenditures. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)



Dr.Ulysses: O homem que pensou o Brasil

1993. Dr. Ulysses Guimarães was an outstanding public man. My personal and political relations with him. (Interview in the book Dr. Ulysses: O Homem que Pensou o Brasil).



Desenvolvimento e Crise no Brasil (5a. edição)

2003. The patterns of economic development and the political pacts in Brazil from Vargas (1930) to Lula (2003). 5th revised edition almost doubling the size of the book. English version available. (Book: Editora 34)



Democracia é Conflito (Folha, 10.08.03)

2003. Social conflict in inherent to democracy. (Article, Folha de S.Paulo, 10.8.2003)



Democracia brasileira, no momento das eleições de 2002

2002. Presidential elections demonstrated that democracy is consolidated, in transition from an elites to a public opinions democracy. (Note: Not published)



After the elites, civil society's democracy in Brazil

2000. This paper presents a hystorical typology of democracy: elites or Schumpeterian democracy, civil society"s public opinions democracy, participatory democracy, and deliberative democracy. Brazil is in transition from elites democracy to public opinions democracy. Portuguese version available. (Paper: IPSA Congress, Quebec)



Da política de elites à democracia de sociedade Civil

2000. Brazil, as all new democracies, is a "democracy of elites ". Yet, there are indication of a transition to what may be called "democracy of civil society", where public opinion and public non state political advocacy organizations become relevant. English version available. (In Reis Velloso edited book)



Pobres Elites Iluminadas

2000. Brazil, as all new democracies, is an "elites' democracy". Yet, there are indication of a transition to what may be called "civil society´s democracy", where public opinion become relevant (Estudos Avançados, USP)*



Diálogo sem certezas

1998. The press is a central tool of the democratic debate. It must be critical without ignoring trust and respect.(Speech in the lunch for Page 3 authors Folha de S.Paulo)



Brésil: Modernisation inachevée et pactes politiques

1994. A new political pact of the Brazilian elites around the idea of national development is a condition for political legitimacy and economic growth. Portuguese and English versions available.(Paper: Problèmes d Amérique Latine)*



Prefácio para Conquistas e Resistências do Poder (1964-1984): A Emergência do Discurso Democrático no Brasil, de Danielle Forget

1994. An original analysis of the democratic discourse in Brazil. (Preface to Danielle Forgets Conquistas e Resistências do Poder (1964-1984): A Emergência do Discurso Democrático no Brasil.



A modernização incompleta e pactos políticos

1993. Given its extreme social heterogeneity and the 'contradictory citizenship', there is not a social contract in Brazil. In the recent past, informal growth oriented political pacts replaced a social contracts. The solution for the present crisis depends on the definition of a not growth oriented political pact. French and English versions available.(Paper in book edited by Sola e Paulani).



Economic reforms in new democracies: a social-democratic approach

1993. With José María Maravall and Adam Przeworski. The neoliberal economic reforms enacted by Latin Americas and Eastern Europes new democracies have proven inefficient and at times even ineffective. This derives both from a lack of political support and from the dogmatic orthodoxy adopted. This paper corresponds to the Introduction to the book Economic Reforms in New Democracies, 1993. Portuguese version available. (Paper in book by Bresser-Pereira, Maravall Przeworski).



Economic reforms in new democracies: a social-democratic approach

1993. With José María Maravall and Adam Przeworski. The neoliberal economic reforms enacted by Latin Americas and Eastern Europes new democracies have proven inefficient and at times even ineffective. This derives both from a lack of political support and from the dogmatic orthodoxy adopted. This paper corresponds to the Introduction to the book Economic Reforms in New Democracies, 1993. Portuguese version available. (Paper in book by Bresser-Pereira, Maravall Przeworski).



Economic ideologies and the consolidation of democracy in Brazil

1989. The transition to democracy was an outcome of successful political popular-business pact, but mistaken ideoloiges originated in old nationalism and left populism, and on conservative clientelism, opportunism, social conservatism, monetarism, crude liberalism, and subordinated internationalism represent an obstacle to democratic consolidation and growth in Brazil. Portuguese version available. (Paper in book edited by Diane Ethier)



Ideologias econômicas e democracia no Brasil

1989. The transition to democracy was an outcome of successful political popular-business pact, but mistaken ideologies originated in old left populism, and on conservative clientelism (pork barrel), opportunism, social conservatism, monetarism, crude liberalism, and subordinated internationalism represent an obstacle to democratic consolidation and growth in Brazil. (Paper: Estudos Avançados). English version available.



Possible political pacts after redemocratization

1985 (1988). With the transiction to democracy and the election of Tancredo Neves the probability of a populist political pact is small. The alternatives after democratization are a conservative pact based on the great bourgeoisie, or a progressive one based on the middle classes.Portuguese version available. (Paper in book edited by Chacel, Falk e Fleischer)



Os pactos políticos possíveis depois da redemocratização

1985. With the transiction to democracy and the election of Tancredo Neves the probability of a populist political pact is small. The alternatives after democratization are a conservative pact based on the great bourgeoisie, or a progressive one based on the middle classes. English version available. (Paper in the book Pactos Políticos)



Pactos Políticos: do Populismo à Redemocratização

1985. Collected papers on political pacts and the 1987-85 Brazilian transition to democracy. Complements the analysis originally made in O Colapso de uma Aliança de Classes. (Book: Editora Brasiliense)



Development and Crisis in Brazil, 1930-1983

1984. Economic development, political pacts, and crises in Brazil from 1930 to the early 1980s. English translation of the Brazilian fourth edition of Portuguese edition available. (Book: Westview Press)



Development and Crisis in Brazil, 1930-1983

1984. Economic development, political pacts, and crises in Brazil from 1930 to the early 1980s. English translation of the Brazilian fourth edition of Portuguese edition available. (Book: Westview Press)



The dialectic of redemocratization and abertura

1984. The 'abertura' is a strategy that military are using to postpone the democratic transition that became inevitable since the Brazilian business men broke down their alliance with them.(Paper in Development and Crisis in Brazil: 1930-1983.)



Os limites da 'abertura' e a sociedade civil

1983. A 'abertura' is a strategy through which the military try to procrastinate the democratization demanded by civil society. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



1980-1981: A revolução autogestionária na Polônia

1982. Paper on the Solidarinosc revolution in Poland written after a visit to the country. The perspective of self-management after statist domination. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)



O futuro da abertura: um debate

1981. Debate with Bolivar Lamounier and André Lara Rezende where my view on the "abertura" opposite to Lamounier's is clear.



O Colapso de uma Aliança de Classes

1978. The beginning of the transition to democracy in Brazil: the Brazilian bourgeoisie reacts to the authoritarian "Pacote de Abril" of 1977 breaking down its 1964 alliance with the military. (Complete book: PDF in this site, and in the AppStore)



O Estado na economia brasileira

1977. In late 1974, the debate on the statization signals the beginning of the transition to democracy in Brazil. The bourgeoisie is the accuser, the state s technobureaucracy, the defendant. (Paper:Ensaios de Opinião)



Após a redemocratização

1977. The transition to democracy and, gradually, to socialism predicted on the basis of the rupture of the alliance of the bourgeoisie with the military technobureaucracy. (Paper: Contexto).



O administrador profissional e as perspectivas da sociedade brasileira

1966. Given the existence of a large middle classe, democracy's restoration is inevitable. In this process, Brazilian industrial entrepreneurs must associate themselves with the new business managers that are emerging and develop a national development strategy that should be democratic and socially progressive. (Paper: Revista de Administração de Empresas)




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