The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

Mais informações

Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

Mais informações

Macroeconomia do Brasil pós-1994

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Análise Econômica, 21(40) setembro 2003: 7-38.


Abstract. The Brazilian macroeconomic model is characterized by financial opening, a growth strategy based on foreign savings, low (overvalued) exchange rate, current account deficits, high foreign debt, high basic (Selic) interest rate, low but inertial inflation, soft fiscal policy, negative public savings, high public debt, depressed expected rates of profit, stagnant salary rate, depressed domestic savings, depressed investments, high unemployment, per capita GDP quasi-stagnant. The Brazilian economy achieved price but not macroeconomic stabilization in 1994 as long as intertemporal equilibrium was not achieved in fiscal and external accounts areas. Growth will only be resumed if monetary authorities acknowledge the interest rate and exchange rate trap in which the Brazilian economy is immersed, and decide to invert the perverse macroeconomic equation of high basic interest rate and low exchange rate. Yet, the international and domestic orthodoxy that runs macroeconomic policy in Brazil keeps using conventional macroeconomics to understand problems which are not conventional, and, so, it is unable to achieve the required macroeconomic stabilization. A more comple version of this paper is "Macroeconomia Pós-1994: As Relações Básicas".

Fale conosco: ceciliaheise46@gmail.com