The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

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Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

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Political development, and the crisis of the populist alliance

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Chapter 4 of Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira (1984) Development and Crisis in Brazil, 1930-1983. Boulder, Co.: Westview Press, 1984. Originally published in Portuguese, in 1968. No alterations in the English translation.


ISEB's political model based on the aliance of the national bourgeoisie with the workers and the bureaucrats was correct. Yet, historical new facts led to the collapse of the populist and national-developmentalist pact and to the political crisis of 1961-64. This was the first time I used the method of the historical new fact to analyse a problem.


Fale conosco: ceciliaheise46@gmail.com