The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

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Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

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Uma sociedade nacional-dependente

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Prefácio à 9ª. edição de José Carlos Reis, As Identidades do Brasil de Varnhagen a FHC. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Fundação Getúlio Vargas, 2007: xvii-xvi. (1ª. Edição: 1999).


The two more important member of the "School of Sociology of São Paulo", respectively Florestan Fernandes e Fernando Henrique Cardoso identified themselves with dependency theory. The former, in A Revolução Buruguesa, with its Marxist "super-exploração" version, the later with the "associated dependency" version, from which was the main author. Both disregard the national problem.


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