The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

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Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

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What institutions make capitalism unjust?

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Paper presented in the 2nd WINIR Conference, "Institutions, Development and Globalization", Rio de Janeiro, September 11, 2015. Revised in January 2019.


A society is just when economic and political inequality is reasonably low. Institutions that assure civil and political rights are able to eliminate legal privileges by making everybody equal before the law, but they are less effective in reducing economic inequality, which is embedded in the structure of society.



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