The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

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Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

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Desenvolvimento, sofisticação produtiva, valor-trabalho e salários

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Nova Economia, 29 (1): 135-160.


This paper, first, discusses the historical (not the normative) concept of economic development or growth, distinguish it from human development, reassert its identification with industrialization or structural change or productive sophistication. Second, it argues that the increase of wages in an integral part of the concept of growth, and offers three explanations for this: (a) wages are part of effective demand, (b) wages may increase with productivity, while the rate of profit tends to be constant in the long-term, and (c) in the growth process, the labor-value of labor increases as the social cost of reproduction of labor increases, productive sophistication or the cost of educating and training workers and technobureaucrats increases. Third, it argues that in developing countries the increase of the productivity of labor due to the transference of labor from low valued added per capita to high value added is more important than its increase in the same industry. Finally, it argues that the relations between growth and distribution as well as between growth a protection of the environment are more positive than negative.

   


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